WHAT IS PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY ALL ABOUT?

Monthly Archives: January 2019

Plastic-Cosmetic-and-Reconstructive-Surgery - Grecian Hospital

WHAT IS PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY ALL ABOUT?

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery is an upcoming field that deals with restoration or alteration of the human body through an operation that is performed by the plastic surgeon or relevant expert in the field.

While plastic surgeons have soft tissue and limb surgeries to deal with on an everyday basis, emergency surgeons have the work of rectifying complicated wounds as well as the procedures required after other surgeries. These include complicated treatments such as those done by surgical oncologists, ENT surgeons and other maxillofacial surgeons such as radiation, chemotherapy, surgical procedures etc that can leave the person disfigured facially or in other ways.

Plastic surgeons do a variety of cosmetic surgery procedures involving the human body such as skin grafts that includes taking a skin patch from a donor site and implanting it to cover a damaged area; tissue expansion which is a way to grow extra skin by pulling wide the tissue surrounding it; flap surgery is a procedure that helps implant living tissue from one body part to another; microsurgery to join small arteries to restore essentially required blood supply or scar management in case of burn patients restoring their distorted lives to normal. They also do tissue implantation by removing tissue from the body and re-implanting it.

Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery though closely related as specialties are, however, two different things. Whereas, cosmetic surgery focuses on improving appearance and is done on all areas of the head, neck, and body, it is also practiced by plastic surgeons and includes procedures such as breast enhancement like augmentation, lift or reduction; facial contouring of the nose, chin or cheek; facial rejuvenation such as facelift, neck lift, eyelid lift or brow lift; body contouring such as tummy tuck, liposuction, gynecomastia treatment; skin rejuvenation including laser resurfacing, botox, filler treatments etc. Plastic Surgery, on the other hand, deals with the reconstruction of facial and body defects to repair a normal function and appearance thereby correcting defects arising due to birth disorders, trauma, burns, and disease.

Though plastic surgeons do cosmetic surgery additionally, the primary objective of their field remains confined to reconstructive plastic surgery. Plastic Surgery Procedures include breast reconstruction; congenital defect repair including cleft palate, extremity defect repair; burn repair surgery; lower extremity reconstruction, hand surgery, scar revision surgery.

Grecian Hospital, Mohali includes various facilities of these cosmetic surgery such as hair transplant, laser hair removal, wrinkle treatment, cosmetic procedures (nose, lip job & abdominoplasty), burn and wounds therapy treatment, scar revision, keloid, removal of moles, diabetic foot, bed sores, hand surgery, oncopasty, breast reduction, fat removal (liposuction), cleft & palates, botox, clubfoot etc. Dr. Navjot Singh is a plastic surgeon with Grecian Hospital and has treated various cases of plastic and reconstructive surgery.

 

Stroke - Grecian Hospital

WHAT IS STROKE? KNOW WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS

Stroke is a medical condition arising when the blood flow to the brain is reduced resulting in paralysis or death. It is of two kinds, one being an ischemic stroke that occurs due to a blocked artery and the other being a hemorrhagic stroke that occurs due to the bursting of a blood vessel or bleeding from a ruptured aneurysm in the brain. The person experiencing the condition may have the following stroke symptoms: numbness or weakness in face, arm or leg on one side of the body; sudden state of confusion having trouble in understanding or speech defect; problems of visibility either in one or both the eyes; difficulty in walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination; severe headache in case of a hemorrhagic stroke without any likely causes etc. A stroke may be a temporary condition and does not cause much damage if blood flow to the brain gets partially restricted also known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or a mini-stroke.

Stroke symptoms can be life-threatening and can result in death or paralysis of body or speech or weakness. The effects of a stroke are permanent and can lead to long term loss of bladder control or pneumonia, loss of movement in the facial or arm muscles, emotional issues such as depression, thinking difficulties, pain in parts affected by stroke, sensitivity to changes of temperature etc. In women, the stroke may show up as weakness, breathlessness, vomiting, loss of consciousness, pain, disorientation, seizures or increased agitation.

Risk factors for stroke include increasing age, physical inactivity, high blood pressure, excessive use of tobacco, obesity, high level of cholesterol in blood, diabetes, a previous incidence of TIA and atrial fibrillation or blood sugar, use of birth control pills such as estrogen etc or drugs such as cocaine, methamphetamines etc. Men are more susceptible than women especially people above 55 years of age.

Diagnosis for stroke symptoms may involve routine check-up followed by neurological examinations such as NIHSS, imaging tests such as CT, MRI, Doppler Ultrasound or arteriography and other supporting examinations including electrocardiogram and blood tests even though CT scan may not show early warning signs of an ischemic stroke. Anti-platelet drugs and anticoagulants are the ideal solutions to dissolve the clots in the brain and prevent ischemic stroke or TIA. However, surgery may be the alternative in the worst case scenarios when the doctor may just use a catheter to remove the clot, a stent to inflate the narrowed artery, coiling, clamping or other kinds of surgery to stem bleeding from an aneurysm. Stroke is a serious condition and only timely prevention and cure can help prevent disastrous consequences.

BREAST CANCER - Grecian Hospital

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF BREAST CANCER?

More than 1 million cases of Breast Cancer occur across the bandwidth of our country every year. This cancer is formed in milk forming lobes or ducts of breast or in fibrous connextive tissue or fatty tissue in the breast. Cancer cells multiply to spread to the healthy tissue of the breast reaching lymph nodes below the arms which in turn act as promoters of cancer to other body parts. Breast Cancer is a phenomenon 100 times more common in women than men and has an expected death rate of approximately 40,000 women every year.

Breast cancer usually develops as a tumor or abnormality that can be felt as a lump in the breast though some lumps may only be cysts and not cancer. However, common identifying breast cancer symptoms include tissue thickening distinct from the tissue surrounding it, pain in the breast or red pitted skin all over it, nipple discharge or bleeding, scaling, peeling or flaking skin of the nipple, inverting of nipple, change in size, shape or the way the breast appears or development of a swelling or lumps under the arm.

Though breast cancer is more common in older women, ignoring timely treatment can make the cure difficult. However, excess alcohol, obesity, having dense breast tissue, gentic mutations, early menstruation, late pregnancy, use of hormonal medication such as progesterone and estrogen, late menopause, family history, infertility or previous case history of breast cancer makes you prone to breast cancer.

The primary diagnostic tests to detect breast cancer symptoms include mammography and ultrasound but if that does not work, biopsy is done. Treatment depends entirely on the stage of cancer or to what extent the tumor has spread. Though surgery remains to be the most prevalent form of cure, additional alternatives include chemotherapy, radiation, hormone therapy or taking medications to reduce growth of cancer cells. Though breast cancer does not have a particular reason of occurrence, maintaining a robust lifestyle or a routine check up from time to time can help curbing the risk of contracting the disease before it gets any worse and help improve the chances of survival with breast cancer. Get a breast examination done for symptoms of breast cancer by your doctor in case you are likely to acquire it through heredity as timely treatment can help increase the longevity of life. A mammogram is advisable annually for women between 40 to 54 and must for those above 55 despite your good health.

Dr Nidhi Gupta Prinja MD, DNB is a Senior Consultant in the department of Radiation Oncology at Grecian Super Specialty Hospital, Mohali since 2010 and has over 12 years of experience in Clinical Oncology. She is experienced in delivering various kinds of radiation treatment to patients such as Conventional Radiotherapy, 3D CRT, IMRT, IGRT, VMAT, Electron therapy, Intra-cavitary and interstitial Brachytherapy.

Dr Nidhi takes keen interest in organising special clinics for cancer screening, early detection and vaccination against cancers with special emphasis on cervical cancer, breast cancer and head & neck cancer and has treated several cases of patients with breast cancer.

 

Rheumatic Diseases - Grecian Hospital

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS AND CURE FOR RHEUMATIC DISEASES?

Rheumatology is the branch of medicine targeting specifically rheumatic diseases or disorders affecting the joints, ligaments, muscles, bones as well as the tissues of the musculoskeletal system such as tendinitis, back and neck pain, nerve impingements (sciatica, cervical radiculopathy, carpal tunnel syndrome), bursitis etc. Rheumatic diseases as they progress can cause a loss of function in the joint or limb in which they occur. Rheumatologists treat complex rheumatlogical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis; osteoporosis and osteopenia; lupus; gout; osteoarthritis; Lyme arthritis; scleroderma; Sjogren’s syndrome; antiphospholipid syndrome; psoriatic arthritis; vasculitis, polymyalgia rheumatic; spondyloarthro-pathies and fibromyalgia amongst the 100 types of rheumatic disorders that are already known.

Common symptoms in a rheumatic disorder include joint pain; loss of motion; inflammation such as swelling, redness and warmth in the affected region; stiff joints; fatigue; rashes; sun sensitivity; hair loss; blue or white fingers or toes with exposure to cold also known as Raynaud’s phenomenon; or may be characterized by problems in other organs such as kidneys.

Rheumatic diseases mostly occur in case your immune system malfunctions due to some reason and starts attacking your own body instead of defending it. The cause of the malfunction may be genetic; external such as smoking, pollution or internal such as due to some form of infection and affects women more than men. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) being an autoimmune disease can result in joint pain and damage throughout your body. The difference between joint damage of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis is that if a joint in one arm or leg of your body is damaged, the same joint in the other arm or leg may as well get damaged which is one of the ways of distinguishing RA from other forms of arthritis as osteoarthritis (OA).

Often rheumatic diseases go unnoticed as people tend to ignore occasional joint pains or may attribute the reason of chronic pain to strenuous activities. Most of the times, joint pain may be mild and may even subside with change in lifestyle and adequate rest. However, if the pain continues or aggravates, one may just book an appointment with a rheumatologist to ensure effective cure. Several types of tests including X-Ray, Ultrasonography as well as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) help determine the damage done by RA as well as its extent and other organs may as well be examined for damages associated with RA. Though rheumatic diseases may be hard to detect in earlier stages and may go unnoticed until it reaches later stages, a rheumatologist may determine the underlying cause and help you undergo the right form of treatment that usually involves a treatment chart for the patient to follow including regular exercise, healthy diet, stress management, medications and rest.

Dr. Isha Gupta is a rheumatologist with Grecian Super Specialty Hospital, Mohali She is M.D. Medicine and Post Graduate in Rheumatology from Eular, Europe. She has been associated with Grecian Hospital for several years.

 

BLOOD DONATION CAMP AT SUKHNA ENCLAVE ON 6TH JANUARY 2019

This new year, Grecian Super Specialty Hospital organised its first blood donation camp in the Sukhna Enclave Community Hall at Sukhna Enclave, Kaimbwala on the 6th of January, 2019 Sunday. Among the doctors present were Pathologist, Dr. Alena Jain and Consultant-Transfusion Medicine, Dr. Neha Syal. The event that lasted for around 3 hours started at around 11.00 am in the morning saw the presence of more than 50 donors who were initially examined by Dr. Alena for fitness for donation. She made the residents aware about the benefits of blood donation and explained how donors were less prone to heart disease and heart attacks. “Blood donation is a healthy practice that reduces the risk of cancer in individuals, increases the production of RBCs, lowers the cholestrol level and also helps in weight loss”, said Dr Neha Syal. “Every healthy  individual should donate blood once in every six month as it helps replenish blood as well as aids in fighting off hemochromitosis”, Dr Neha further added. The event finally concluded at 2.00 pm in the afternoon.



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