The amount of force exerted against the walls of the arteries as blood flows through them is known as blood pressure. When the blood pressure is high, it’s also known as hypertension. Having a high blood pressure means that the walls of the arteries are receiving too much pressure. If the pressure is chronologically high, it’s diagnosed as hypertension.
In India, 1 in every 3 adults suffers from hypertension. And if left untreated or uncontrolled, high blood pressure can cause many health problems. These conditions include heart failure, vision loss, stroke, and kidney disease.
What is high blood pressure?
The heart is a muscle that pumps blood throughout the body constantly – every second. Blood that is low on oxygen levels is pumped towards the lungs, where the blood is oxygenated. The oxygenated blood is pumped by the heart around the body to supply our muscles and cells. The pumping of blood creates pressure – blood pressure.
Anyone whose blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg or more for a sustained period is said to have high blood pressure, or hypertension.
Blood pressure is usually divided into five categories: