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High Blood Pressure: The Types, Symptoms, and Recommended Treatment

The amount of force exerted against the walls of the arteries as blood flows through them is known as blood pressure. When the blood pressure is high, it’s also known as hypertension. Having a high blood pressure means that the walls of the arteries are receiving too much pressure. If the pressure is chronologically high, it’s diagnosed as hypertension.

In India, 1 in every 3 adults suffers from hypertension. And if left untreated or uncontrolled, high blood pressure can cause many health problems. These conditions include heart failure, vision loss, stroke, and kidney disease.

What is high blood pressure?

The heart is a muscle that pumps blood throughout the body constantly – every second. Blood that is low on oxygen levels is pumped towards the lungs, where the blood is oxygenated. The oxygenated blood is pumped by the heart around the body to supply our muscles and cells. The pumping of blood creates pressure – blood pressure.

Anyone whose blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg or more for a sustained period is said to have high blood pressure, or hypertension.

Blood pressure is usually divided into five categories:

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Neurologist – Know If You Need to Consult One

A neurologist is a medical doctor who specializes in treating diseases of the nervous system. The nervous system is made of two parts: the central and peripheral nervous system. It includes the brain and spinal cord.

 

When to consult a Neurologist?

  1. Early identification of symptoms like sudden difficulty in speaking, smiling, walking, raising arms etc. is extremely important to diagnose a stroke. The stroke is completely curable if immediate medical treatment is given to the patient.
  2. Other symptoms such as unconsciousness, shaking of limbs, frothing from the mouth, self-rolling of eyes are suggestive of epilepsy and immediate consultation with a neurologist is required as it is a fully treatable disorder.
  3. Forgetfulness in family members is often regarded as a part of aging or stress but a neurologist should immediately be consulted as these symptoms could be due to dementia. This condition too may either be completely cured or partially relieved by medicines. Dementia has a great effect on the ability of a person to think and the family needs to change according to the manner of care and have a person to stay with the patient throughout the day.

 

What can be done to prevent Neurological Diseases?

While epilepsy, brain tumors, and few other diseases may not be preventable but there are some of the problems that one can prevent with the following:

  1. Diet Modification – Adopt a balanced, low-fat diet.
  2. Regular exercise and increased physical activity
  3. Avoid smoking

 

Dr. Neha Agarwal

(D.M., Neurology)

Consultant Neurologist

Grecian Super Speciality Hospital

Laparoscopic Surgery – The Present and the Future

General Surgical procedures have been the gold standard for curing many health issues for more than a century.

In the recent past, Laparoscopy (Keyhole Surgery) has revolutionized the management of such patients giving them a great benefit in many ways.

Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopic surgery can be performed in nearly all the organs of the abdomen such as Gallbladder, Esophagus Stomach, Pancreas, Liver, Small & Large Intestines and Rectum. Continue reading

Premature Coronary Artery Disease in Indians & the Associated Risk Factors

coronary artery disease

Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) have now become the leading cause of mortality in India. A quarter of all mortality can be attributed to CVD.

Ischemic Heart Disease & stroke are the predominant causes and are responsible for more than 80% of CVD. In India, CVD death average is higher than the global average of 235/Lac of population. Some aspects of CVD epidemic in India are particular causes of concern including accelerated build-up, early age of onset (almost a decade earlier compared to the Western World) and high fatality rate. Continue reading

Heart Disease in Women

Not Just Men, Women Are Equally Prone to Heart Disease

It is a myth that women do not get heart disease or are less susceptible to heart attacks. After cancer, statistically, heart-related ailments are the second most important cause of deaths among women. During the child bearing age, the hormones do protect women from heart diseases but post-menopause women are equally susceptible.

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About Prostate Cancer by Dr. Amitabh Upadhyay

Prostate cancer is very common and all cases do not require treatment. Carcinoma prostate is one of the most common malignancies of the world. It is a disease of elderly males and its incidence increases with age faster than any other disease. There is evidence that some 40-50% of males will have prostate cancer by the age of 90 years. Most of these cases go undetected and will not cause any symptoms to patients. Its incidence is more common in the western population, especially African Americans.

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Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is a topmost killer among all cancers in males, both in India as well as the world. Smoking is a main predisposing factor along with pollution and occupational exposure. There are various types of lung cancers like small cell and nonsmall cell lung cancers. Small cell lung cancer is very aggressive with high mortality.

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Harmful Effects Of Air Conditioners

How addicted are you to your air conditioner? If you can’t survive without the cold air of an air conditioner come rain or shine, your health might be at risk. As much as air conditioners are a boon during extremely hot and humid weathers, long term exposure to them can have harmful effects on us. Check these out: Continue reading



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